Energy and Transport
Part of Hall of Planet Earth.
The size of rock fragments in sedimentary rocks indicates the amount of energy needed to deposit them. Rapidly flowing, turbulent streams have great energy and transport large rocks and pebbles, along with smaller-grained sediments. As the current slows and its energy decreases, particles begin to settle out of the water, with the larger pieces dropping out first. The finest clay and silt are deposited in the still waters of lagoons and river deltas.